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International Rights of Nature Tribunal Agenda

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A unique, citizen-created initiative to testify publicly about the destruction of the Earth and propose a systemic alternative to environmental protection and current environmental laws.

The International Rights of Nature Tribunal was launched by the Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature (GARN) in 2014. The first session of the Tribunal, presided over by Dr. Vandana Shiva, was convened in Quito, Ecuador in January 2014 during the Global Rights of Nature Summit. The second session held in Lima, Peru in December 2014 during the UNFCCC-COP20 climate discussions, and was presided over by Alberto Acosta. This is the third such Tribunal, and is being held concurrent with the COP21 climate talks in Paris.

The Tribunal is a unique, citizen-created initiative. It gives people from all around the world the opportunity to testify publicly as to the destruction of the Earth, destruction that governments and corporations not only allow, but in some cases encourage.

The Tribunal provides a systemic alternative to environmental protection, acknowledging that ecosystems have the right to exist, persist, maintain and regenerate their vital cycles, with legal standing in a court of law. The Tribunal has a strong focus on enabling Indigenous Peoples to share their unique concerns and solutions about land, water, air and culture with the global community.

The Tribunal features internationally renowned lawyers and leaders for planetary justice, who will hear emblematic cases addressing issues such as climate change and false solutions, GMOs, fracking, extractive industries such as mining, and other violations of nature’s rights.

The Tribunals formulate judgments and recommendations for the Earth’s protection and restoration based on the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth and existing nature’s rights laws. Among other things, the Declaration binds us to respect the integrity of the vital ecological processes of the Earth. Accordingly, the Declaration also helps advance proposed amendments to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court to recognize the crime of Ecocide.
The International Tribunal of the Rights of Nature is part of an effort to promote a change of consciousness and highlight the need to expand the international legal framework, national laws and courts to ensure the safety of planet by preserving biodiversity and respecting ecosystem dynamics.

The third International Rights of Nature Tribunal will be held on 4 and 5 December 2015 concurrently with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 21) in Paris, France. This tribunal is hosted by the Global Alliance of the Rights of Nature in partnership with End Ecocide on Earth; NatureRights & Attac France.


Registration details:
More information:
(EN) –
(FR) –

The Tribunal is hosted by the Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature (GARN), who holds the Secretariat and formal procedures for ongoing International Rights of Nature Tribunals.
In Paris, the GARN has established a partnership with End Ecocide on Earth for some cases of Ecocides, and with NatureRights and Attac France. The cases will be presented by presenters, experts, witnesses and victims.

President – Cormac Cullinan (Author Wild Law, Cullinan Associates Inc., EnAct International – South Africa)

Tom Goldtooth (Indigenous Environmental Network, Turtle Island – USA)
Alberto Acosta (Economist and former president of the Constituent Assembly from Ecuador)
Osprey Orielle Lake (Women’s Earth and Climate Action Network – USA)
Terisa Turner (professor, former UN Energy Specialist – Canada)
Felicio Pontes (Federal Prosecutor – Brazil)
Damien Short (Dir. Human Rights Consorcium University of London – UK)
Attosa Soltani (Amazon Watch founder – USA)
Nnimmo Bassey (Health of Mother Earth Foundation / Oilwatch – Nigeria)
Ruth Nyambura (African Biodiversity Network – Nigeria)
Christophe Bonneuil (Historian of Sciences, CNRS, Attac – France)
Philippe Desbrosses (Doctor in Environmental Sciences, Farmer, Intelligence Verte – France) – Honorary Judge on December 4th
Dominique Bourg (University of Lausanne, Philosopher, author – Switzerland) – Honorary Judge on December 5th

PROSECUTORS FOR THE EARTH:  Ramiro Ávila (University Simón Bolivar – Ecuador); Linda Sheehan (Earth Law Center – USA)

SECRETARIAT:  Natalia Greene (GARN – Ecuador)


Edgardo Lander (Universidad Central de Venezuela, Transnational Institute – Venezuela), Joan Martínez Alier (Prof. ICTA Autonomous University of Barcelona – Spain), Enrique Viale (Asociación Argentina de Abogados Ambientalistas – Argentina), Thomas Coutrot (Attac France), Fernando Pino Solanas (Senator, Argentina)

FRIDAY 4 DEC. 9H00-18H

Patricia Gualingua & Nina Gualingua (Sarayeku) / Ta’kaiya Blaney (Tla’Amin First Nation, Canada) / Cassey Camp Horinek (Ponca Oklahoma, USA)


Natalia Greene (GARN), Samanta Novella (NatureRights)
Rights of Nature RON Assessment Esperanza Martinez (Acción Ecologica)
Opening from Tribunal’s President Cormac Cullinan
Opening from Prosecutors for the Earth  Ramiro Ávila, Linda Sheehan

Presenter Pablo Solón (Fundacion Solon, Focus on the Global South) (Judges Osprey Orielle Lake & Nnimmo Bassey)
Fossil Fuels  Expert   Maxime Combes (Attac France), Witness/Victim Desmond D’sa (South Africa)

Agriculture Mary Lou Malig (Global Forest Coalition, Philippines)
Trade Economy Tony Clark (Polaris Institute, Canada)
Water & Climate  Maude Barlow (Council of Canadians), Michal Kravcik (Slovakia)

11h30 – Coffee Break
Geoengineering Silvia Ribeiro (ETC Group Mexico) Godwin Ojo (Nigeria, FoE)

Biofuels Pat Mooney (ETC Group)

Nuclear Roland Desbordes (CRIIRAD), Alexei Nesterenko (Belarus)

Sixth Mass Extinction  Allain Bougrain-Dubourg (LPO)

12h40 – Lunch
Presenter Ivonne Yanez (Acción Ecológica, Ecuador) (Judge Tom Goldtooth)
Compensation mechanisms linked to biodiversity conservation
Genevieve Azam (Attac France), Tamra Gilberston (Carbon Trade Watch)
Gloria Ushigua (Sápara, Ecuador), Sengwer Indigenous representative (Kenya, Africa)
EU biodiversity offsets, WRM Report on REDD+, economic valuation of nature
Jutta Kill (biologist, Germany)

Presenter: Vandana Shiva (Navdanya) (Judge: Philippe Desbrosses)
Marie-Monique Robin (Journalist), Ronnie Cummins (Organic Consumers Association (OCA)), José Bové (Via Campesina, Green European Deputee)
Patrick de Kochko (Peasant Seeds)

16h15 – Break
(Judges: Ruth Nyambura and Atossa Soltani)
Criminalization of defenders of Mother Earth in Ecuador
Blanca Chancoso (Kichwa), Belén Páez (Pachamama Foundation)
BP Deepwater Horizon disaster and oil contamination
Yudith Nieto, Juan and Byron Parras (USA-Houston TX, T.E.J.A.S)


SAT 5 DEC. 2015 – 9H-18H00
Presenter Shannon Biggs (Movement Rights – USA) (Judge: Damien Short)
Enrique Viales (Argentina), Geert de Cock (Food and Water – Europe)
Kandi Mosset (Fort Berthold, ND, USA), Khaoula Chikahoui (Tunisia)

Presenter Gert-Peter Bruch (Planète Amazone, France) (Judges: Felicio Pontes and Atossa Soltani)
Belo Monte
Christian Poirier (Amazon Watch)
Cacique Raoni Kayapo, Antonia Mello (Xingu Vivo), Munduruku and Yawalapiti representatives
11H30 – Coffee Break
Andrea Padilla (AnimaNaturalis, Corralejas Colombia); Stefanian Simion (Rosia Montana Mines, Romania); Lisa Mead, Earth Laws Alliance (Depletion of Marine Life); Godwin Ojo, (Environmental Rights Action (ERA)/Friends of the Earth Nigeria, Niger Delta Shell), Eriel Deranger, Athabascan Chippewyan (Oil Sands Canada), Peruvian Victims (Ashaninka Delegation)
(Judges: Christophe Bonneuil and Terisa Turner).

13h00 – Lunch

Presenter Valerie Cabanes (EEE) – Recognizing ecocide in international criminal law; reopening of cases related to oil exploitation as ecocides.

Presenter Carlos Larrea (Andina Simón Bolivar University) (Judges: Dominique Bourg and Alberto Acosta)
Yasuní-ITT Case Esperanza Martinez (Acción Ecologica, Oilwatch – Keep Oil Underground),Antonella Calle (Yasunidos), Patricia Gualinga (Sarayaku)
Texaco/Chevron Ecocides Case Pablo Fajardo (Lawyer, UDAPT – Union de afectados por Texaco), Humberto Piaguaje (UDAPT – Union de afectados por Texaco)


Conclusion statements on Yasuní-ITT (Ecuador) (Alberto Acosta), Great Barrier Reef (Australia) (Tantoo Cardinale)

15h45 – Coffee Break
17H50 – CLOSURE : Ta’kaiya Blaney

Giving Mother Earth a Voice in Paris

NEWS RELEASE  November 27, 2015     Click for Press Release PDF
CONTACT: Natalia Greene, Secretariat

Giving Mother Earth a Voice in Paris

International Tribunal on Rights of Nature
Convenes during COP21
December 4-5, 2015 – Maison des Métallos

Paris, France – Key environmental justice issues from around the world will have their day in court when the International Tribunal on the Rights of Nature convenes in Paris on December 4-5, 2015, against the backdrop of UNFCCC talks that must move beyond past failures and false solutions to avert global catastrophe.

The high profile international “Peoples Tribunal” – convened by leaders in Earth law and planetary justice from around the world – posits a new legal framework, drawing on the wisdom and cosmovision of indigenous people, aimed at achieving true systems change by recognizing the rights of ecosystems “to exist, persist, and regenerate their vital natural cycles.”

Under current law, nature is treated as private property to be destroyed for profit. It is a legal framework that is proving deadly to people and planet, requiring a transformation of our international and domestic legal systems toward a jurisprudence that recognizes rights of nature. The shift to this new legal framework is underway – Ecuador and Bolivia recognize rights of nature in their constitutions and more than two dozen municipalities in the United States have adopted rights of nature ordinances, including the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (pop. 305,000).

A 13-member panel of judges will preside over the two-day Tribunal, hearing seven cases:


Former UN Bolivian Ambassador Pablo Solón, Maude Barlow, Council of Canadians, and Maxime Combes of Attac France, will highlight false climate solutions that fail to address root problems – such as water privatization, “climate-smart agriculture,” REDD+, and other schemes – introducing expert witnesses and victims of climate crimes from Belarus, Canada, Ecuador, France, Mexico, Slovakia, and the Philippines.


Ivonne Yanez of Acción Ecológica will present three cases highlighting the crime of treating nature as a commodity, introducing expert witnesses from Brazil, Ecuador, and Kenya.

AGRO-FOOD INDUSTRY AND GMOS (December 4 at 15:00)

Indian ecologist and physicist Vandana Shiva of Navdanya and Ronnie Cummins of Organic Consumers will present the case against the global proliferation of GMOs and forms of industrial agriculture that destroy the soil, increase greenhouse gas emissions, pollute water, and reduce biodiversity, calling on expert witnesses from France, Mexico, and the United States.

DEFENDERS OF MOTHER EARTH (December 4 at 16:30)

Indigenous leaders, mining victims, and others who defend nature present the case of the growing risk of violence, including murder, faced by defenders of Mother Earth in South America but also in Europe and other parts of the world. A tragic example: Only days prior to testifying before the 2014 Tribunal in Lima, Peru, on Ecuador’s Mirador mine, José Isidro Tendetza Antun was killed.

FRACKING (December 5 at 9:15)

Shannon Biggs of Movement Rights, USA, and Geert De Cock of Food & Water Watch, Belgium, will present the case against hydraulic fracking, an extreme and devastating form of energy production, drawing on expert witnesses from France and the United States showing how communities have been effective in using rights of nature laws to ban fracking.

MEGA DAMS IN AMAZON (December 5 at 10:30)

Gert-Peter Bruch of Planete Amazone presents the case against building mega dams in the Amazon, with indigenous leaders as expert witnesses testifying to the displacement of tens of thousands and the destruction of the Amazon threatened by the proposed massive diversion of rivers.

CHEVRON AND YASUNÍ (December 5 at 14:15)

Carlos Larrea and Pablo Fajardo, Ecuadorean lawyers who litigated the case in Ecuador against Chevron, argue against the proposed oil exploitation of the Amazon’s pristine Yasuní National Park. Calling on the testimony of indigenous leaders, they also demonstrate the impact of decades of pollution from oil drilling by Chevron and argue for addressing such harms as ecocide under the terms Valérie Cabanes of End Ecocide on Earth explains just prior to their presentation, making the case for recognizing ecocide under international criminal law.

The Earth Defenders prosecuting the cases at the Tribunal are Ramiro Ávila, law professor, Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar (Ecuador), and Linda Sheehan, Director, Earth Law Center (US).

The distinguished panel of Tribunal judges, headed by South African attorney Cormac Cullinan, author of WildLaw: A Manifesto for Earth Justice, includes: Alberto Acosta, former President of the Constitutional Assembly (Ecuador); Nnimmo Bassey, Health of Mother Earth Foundation (Nigeria); Christophe Bonneuil, science historian (France); Dominique Bourg, professor of geosciences (Switzerland); Philippe Desbrosses, author, environmental sciences expert, organic farmer (France); Tom Goldtooth, Executive Director, Indigenous Environmental Network (US, Dine’ and Dakota); Osprey Orielle Lake, Executive Director, Women’s Earth and Climate Action Network (US); Ruth Nyambura, African Biodiversity Network (Kenya); Felício Pontes, Federal Prosecutor (Brazil); Damien Short, Director of the Human Rights Consortium (UK); Atossa Soltani, Amazon Watch founder (US); and Terisa Turner, professor of anthropology, former UN Energy Specialist (Canada).

The judges will render decisions calling for reparation, mitigation, restoration, and prevention of further damages and harm. Although its decisions do not presently carry the force of law, the Tribunal provides the world with a model for adjudicating cases under a legal framework that recognizes the rights of nature, offering a real and present solution to the root problem behind climate change and other human-induced ecological disasters.

The Paris Tribunal marks the third time the International Tribunal for Rights of Nature has convened. Sponsored by the Global Alliance for Rights of Nature, the inaugural Tribunal was held in Quito, Ecuador, in January 2013, followed by a session in Lima, Peru, in December 2014. Natalia Greene (Ecuador), Tribunal Secretariat, Cormac Cullinan (South Africa), Tribunal President, and Samanta Novella (France) of NatureRights, will introduce the proceedings.

The Tribunal will convene from 9:00 – 13:00 and 14:00 – 18:00 on Friday and Saturday, December 4 and 5, at the Maison des Métallos in the 11th arrondissement at 94, Rue Jean-Pierre Timbaud. Registration required:

Donner une voix à la Terre Mère

Alors que les négociations internationales de la COP21 présentent de fausses solutions au réchauffement climatique et sont vouées à l’échec, nous pouvons et nous devons montrer d’autres voies. Le Tribunal des Droits de la Nature se présente comme un véritable changement de paradigme – un forum pour promouvoir le monde que nous voulons tous.

Presque partout, les lois prétendent que la nature est une propriété privée qui doit être exploitée à des fins lucratives. Or, nous ne pourrons pas protéger les écosystèmes sans reconnaitre leurs droits à exister, à se perpétuer et à se régénérer, comme condition préalable à la vie sur Terre. Ces droits doivent donc être revendiqués en Justice. Les Droits de la Nature proposent un cadre juridique afin de définir les devoirs incombant à l’humanité de respecter l’intégrité des cycles écologiques vitaux de la planète.

Votre soutien encouragera le tribunal des droits de la nature afin qu’il soit devienne un forum pour donner une voix légitime à la Mère Terre à Paris. (Voir notre vidéo teaser ci-dessus.)

Le “tribunal international des peuples” est un outil efficace pour juger et sanctionner des cas de violations environnementales et sociales dans le cadre d’un système juridique fondé sur les écosystèmes et les droits de la nature.

C’est une initiative citoyenne unique pour témoigner publiquement de la destruction des conditions de vie sur Terre – que les Etats et les entreprises non seulement permettent, mais parfois encouragent.

Le tribunal fournit une plateforme d’analyse juridique fondée sur la Déclaration Universelle des Droits de la Terre Mère afin de statuer sur de nombreux cas de violations environnementales. Sur chacun des cas, un panel de juristes et personnalités internationalement reconnues sur le thème de la justice planétaire formuleront des jugements et des recommandations dans une perspective de protection et de restauration de la Terre, ainsi que de prévention de futurs dommages.

Soutenez cet événement important. Votre aide servira à couvrir les coûts des transports des témoins, leaders autochtones et autres experts, venus de partout dans le monde, afin de partager leurs témoignages et agir en tant que juges du tribunal.

Cela permettra également d’assurer une couverture médiatique importante et présenter les solutions du “Droits de la Terre” sur la scène internationale pendant la COP21 à Paris.

Les cas seront portés devant le Tribunal par les témoins suivants :

Fausses solutions au réchauffement climatique:
Pablo Solon, Bolivie;

  • Nnimmo Bassey, Santé de la Terre Mère, Nigeria;
  • Privatisation de l’eau: Maude Barlow, du Conseil des Canadiens;
  • Géo-ingénierie Silvia Ribeiro, ETC Groupe Mexique;
  • Agriculture: Mary Lou Malig, Global Forest Coalition, Philippines;
  • Financiarisation de la nature Geneviève Azam, Attac France;
  • REDD + Ivonne Yanez, Oilwatch, Équateur.

Industrie agro-alimentaire et OGM:
Vandana Shiva, Navdanya, en Inde;

  • Ronnie Cummins, Organic Consumers Association États-Unis;
  • José Bové, Via Campesina, France;
  • Adelita San Vicente, les graines de la vie, au Mexique.

Fracturation hydraulique:
Shannon Biggs, Mouvement des droits, USA;

  • Maxime Combes, Attac France;
  • Kandi Mossett, Fort Berthold, ND, États-Unis;
  • Casey Camp Horinek, Ponca, USA;
  • Khaoula Chikahou

Cas d’écocides de Marées Noires (Chevron & Yasuni, Equateur)

  • Carlos Larre, Pablo Fajardo;
  • Patricia Gualinga, Sarayaku, Yasunidos, Équateur.

Mega Barrages en Amazonie:
Gert-Peter Bruch-Planete Amazone;

  • Antonia Melo, Xingu Vivo
  • Les dirigeants de Amazon Watch;
  • Les leaders autochtones

Défenseurs de la Terre Mère:

  • Les dirigeants autochtones de l’Amazone;
  • Victimes de l’exploitation minière de l’Europe;
  • Pollution en Italie

L’Écocide, un crime à l’ICC:

  • Valérie Cabanes, End Ecocide on Earth

Parmi les Juges du Tribunal:

  • Tom Goldtooth, Indigenous Environmental Network,
  • Alberto Acosta, ancien président de l’Assemblée constitutionnelle Equateur,
  • Osprey Orielle Lake, WECAN
  • Cormac Cullinan, auteur WildLaw: Un Manifeste pour la Justice de la Terre,
  • Terisa Turner, professeur, ancienne spécialiste de l’énergie à l’ONU, Canada
  • Felicio Pontes, procureur Brésil

Parmi les Défenseurs de la Terre Mère:

  • Linda Sheehan (Law Center de la Terre)
  • Ramiro Avila

Paris Tribunal Registration Now Open

The International Rights of Nature Tribunal will meet at Maison des Métallos in Paris on 4th and 5th of December, in conjunction with UN Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC COP21. The Tribunal is a unique, citizen-created initiative.Logo-RoNtribunal-fr It gives people from all around the world the opportunity to testify publicly as to the destruction of the Earth — destruction that governments and corporations not only allow, but in some cases encourage.

Space is limited. If you are planning to attend the third International Rights of Nature Tribunal register now for the segments you will attend.

Register for International Rights of Nature TribunalFor more details visit Paris Tribunal …

Date and Time

  • Friday 4 – Saturday 5 December 2015
  • 9:00am – 6:30pm each day (including an intermission)

Tribunal Venue in Paris


la maison des métallosMaison des Métallos
94 Rue Jean-Pierre Timbaud, 75011 Paris, France

Esteemed Judges:

  • Cormac Cullinan, President; Author WildLaw: A Manifesto for Earth Justice (South Africa)
  • Tom Goldtooth, Indigenous Environmental Network (Turtle Island, USA)
  • Alberto Acosta, former President Ecuador Constitutional Assembly
  • Osprey Orielle Lake, Women’s Earth and Climate Action Network (USA)
  • Nnimmo Bassey, Health of Mother Earth Foundation (Nigeria)
  • Ruth Nyambura, African Biodiversity Network (Kenya)
  • Damien Short, University of London (United Kingdom)
  • Felício Pontes, Federal Prosecutor (Brazil)
  • Terisa Turner, professor Sociology and Anthropology, former UN Energy Specialist (Canada)
  • Atossa Soltani, Amazon Watch (USA)
  • Philippe Desbroses, Honarary, farmer, scientist, writer (France)
  • Dominique Bourg, Professor Geosciences, University of Lausanne (Switzerland)

Among the Expert Witnesses and Case Presenters :

  • Pablo Solon, Fundacion Solon
  • Geneviève Azam, Attac France
  • Vandana Shiva, Navdanya
  • Maude Barlow, Council of Canadians
  • Shannon Biggs, Movement Rights
  • Casey Camp Horinek, Indigenous Environmental Network
  • Esperanza Martinez, Acción Ecologica
  • Patricia Gualinga, Kichwa of Sarayaku, Ecuador
  • Carlos Lareas, Universidad Andina Simón Bolivar
  • Kandi Mossett, Indigenous Environmental Network
  • Tantoo Cardinal, Actress, Activist, Tar Sands, Canada
  • Valerie Cabanes, End Ecocide on Earth

Prosecutors for the Earth:

  • Ramiro Avila, Universidad Andina Simón Bolivar
  • Linda Sheehan, Earth Law Center

International Rights of Nature Tribunal Paris Secretariat:

  • Natalia Greene, Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature
  • Grant Wilson, Earth Law Center

Thank you and Congratulations

Winter Newsletter and Thank You Members

Greetings Alliance Members,

Looking back on 2014, we want to express our deepest gratitude for your partnership, resiliency, creativity, and support.  Starting with the launch of the International Rights of Nature Tribunal and our Summit in January and culminating with the second International Tribunal in Lima this month, 2014 has been a momentous year for the Alliance.

Additionally, we have cheered as many of you hosted regional peoples tribunals, launched Rights of Nature initiatives in your communities and for the EU, organized events to advocate Rights of Nature, and reaffirmed recognition of Rights of Nature and Mother Earth through the messaging of your organizations and at events world wide. Some were spawned in conjunction with our Earth Rights Days of Action in October. Others germinated independently.  It is humbling and exhilarating to be a part of this movement with you.  Our aim is to shine a light on you to spur your momentum and success and to move us all toward a world living in harmony with nature and each other.

International Rights of Nature Tribunal ~ Lima, Peru


The Global Alliance convened the second International Rights of Nature Tribunal in Lima, Peru concurrent with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 20) in December 2014.  The hearings were an intense, deeply moving two days as one by one experts and witnesses came forward to present facts and stories detailing how they individually and collectively are impacted by gross violations to Mother Earth and the Rights of Nature.

Casey CampCasey Camp-Horinek of Oklahoma, USA told how “fracturing the skeleton of Mother Earth” for oil and gas is killing indigenous communities across the United States. Her own 600 person Ponca Nation is burying one relative a week due to death from cancer and other diseases.  She spoke movingly about feeling frequent earthquakes in an area that was not prone to earthquakes before fracking.  The shaking is all the more riveting to raw emotions dealing with the deep personal loss and the destructive impact of extractive industries.

Sônia Guajajara, the national coordinator of Brazil’s Association of Indigenous Peoples (APIB), described the expansive flooding of the Amazon basin in Brazil caused by construction of the massive Belo Monte Dam.  Tens of thousands of indigenous peoples are being dislocated as their traditional homeland becomes buried under water.  Brazil is building a series of hydroelectric power dams throughout the Amazon to fuel the prodigious demands of aluminum smelters and a burgeoning economy. Furthermore seasonal water levels create questions about Belo Monte’s ability to provide proposed uninterrupted power and may require additional dams upstream to insure water supplies.

José Tendetza

Widows with their children from Ecuador and Peru spoke of the murder and disappearance of their husbands from communities who have been fighting the expansion of mining and oil extraction in South America. The Tribunal was dedicated to the memory of Jose Tendetza, Shuar leader (pictured right) who was found murdered only days before he was to present the Condor Mirador Mine Case.

Pablo Solon and witnesses provided clear evidence that false solutions for Climate Change such as geoengineering and carbon market mechanisms employed in REDD projects are systemic violations to Mother Earth and Rights of Nature.

Spirits soared as the Yasunidos Collective burst into the room singing and dancing after days of being repeatedly detained by Ecuadorian police who ultimately confiscated their bus. Yasunidos is a group of young activists who are calling for the Ecuadorian government to halt oil development in the fragile Yasuní National Park and to protect one of the most bio-diverse regions on our planet.

The Climate Caravan left Mexico several months ago in route to Lima.  The young Yasunidos group joined the caravan as they came through Ecuador to give a global voice to their stand in defense of Yasuní.  In spite of the delays and harassment by Ecuadorian officials, the group hired another bus and arrived to present their case to the Tribunal.


Yasunidos manifests the resiliency of communities and organizations who are saying “Stop this madness!” The International Tribunal, and related locally hosted Tribunals, examine the evidence and give voice to this global call. The time is NOW to transform human consciousness, to redesign failing, consumptive economic and social structures, and to create a framework for living in harmony with nature grounded in the recognition of the Rights of Mother Earth.
Learn more:

NinewaWe are in the process of posting decisions of the Tribunal including videos and details of each of the cases on the Global Alliance website at

David Hill of the Guardian published a compelling article, Fracking and Lima Climate Talks Slammed at Rights of Nature Tribunal saying “It’s difficult to know what was more moving or arresting” as he went on to describe the intimate testimony of indigenous leaders describing “being fracked to death” and Nnimmo Bassey declaring that “business as usual means cooking Africa”.

At the conclusion of the International Tribunal, key members including Osprey Orielle Lake of WECAN, Tom BK Goldtooth presented at a Press Conference inside UNFCCC COP 20 in Lima:

UN Press Conference Lima on the International Rights of Nature Tribunal

Also in Lima, the Alliance hosted a Rights of Nature Tribunal event at the People’s Summit and marched with partners and some  200,000 participants in the Peoples’ Climate March through the streets of Lima.
peoples march

A special Thank You!

The Tribunal was truly an international collaboration of our members.  Among the participating leaders were Alberto Acosta – President, Natalia Greene – Secretariat, Ramiro Avila – Prosecutor, WECAN International, Indigenous Environmental Network (IEN), Focus on the Global South, Amazon Watch, Acción Ecológica, Movement Rights, Alianza Arkana, our distinguished judges, and representatives from impacted communities of Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, and other areas of the Americas, Australia, and Africa.  Thank you to WECAN International and Amazon Watch for arranging the UNFCCC Press Conference.

Next steps for 2015

In December 2015, the UNFCCC COP21 meets in Paris, France.  The Global Alliance intends to again convene the International Rights of Nature Tribunal concurrent with the UN Climate Conference.

We need your support to maintain the momentum and carry on to Paris. We invite you to support us financially by making a donation to the Global Alliance!   Your financial contributions are tax deductible.

Thank you for your partnership and for your work towards advancing Rights of Nature ~ Rights of Mother Earth.

Blessings on the coming New Year!


Robin Milam
Administrative Director
Co-Secretariat, International Tribunal

Contact Us at

Follow Rights of Nature Tribunal – Lima, Peru and on Facebook at The Rights of Nature for more details.

International Rights of Nature Tribunal – Lima Dec 5-6


CONTACT: Natalia Greene +593 (0) 99944-3724/
Robin R. Milam +1.530.263-1483/

Lima, Peru, December 5-6, 2014


As the world looks to Lima, Peru for the 20th UN COP on Climate Change, the International Rights of Nature Tribunal will convene in Lima. The Tribunal will hear twelve international cases that are aligned with UNFCCC COP 20 priorities. What is unique to this hearing is that each case will be reviewed within a framework based on Rights of Nature and the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth.

“We the people assume the authority to conduct an International Tribunal for the Rights of Nature. We will investigate cases of environmental destruction which violate the Rights of Nature.” Prosecutor for the Earth, Ramiro Avila declared during the opening of the world’s first Tribunal on the Rights of Nature on Friday January 17, 2014 in Quito, Ecuador.

The diverse international panel of judges on the Tribunal in Lima includes:

Alberto Acosta, Tribunal’s President, economist and former President of the Constituent Assembly from Quito, Ecuador

Verónica Mendoza, Peru Congress member, representative of the region of Cusco.

Raúl Prada Alcoreza, Philosopher, sociologist, author, former member of the Bolivian Constituent Assembly of 2006-2007, Bolivia

Hugo Blanco director of the monthly publication “Lucha Indígena”, Perú.

Tantoo Cardinal, actress (e.g., Dances with Wolves) and activist from the Tar Sands of Canada.

Blanca Chancoso, Kichwa leader and educator from Cotacachi, Imbabura, Ecuador.

Edgardo Lander, sociologist, professor, from Venezuela.

Tom Goldtooth, Dine’/Dakota, director of Indigenous Environmental Network from MN, USA

Anibal Quijano, sociologist and humanist thinker. Professor of critical theory, Perú.

Francios Houtart, professor, philosopher, theologian, member of the Permanent People’s Tribunal, Belgium.

Osprey Orielle Lake, Co-Founder and Executive Director, Women’s Earth & Climate Action Network, USA.

Rocío Silva Santiesteban, National Human Rights Coordinator, author, professor, Perú

Atossa Soltani, founder and Executive Director of Amazon Watch, USA

Terisa Turner, professor Sociology and Anthropology, former UN Energy Specialist, Canada

Ramiro Ávila, environmental attorney from Ecuador serves as the Prosecutor for the Earth.

Natalia Greene and Robin Milam, Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature, serve as Secretariat.

The cases and lead presenters include:

Climate Change and False Solutions Pablo Solón, Bolivia: Nnimmo Bassey, Nigeria

BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Esperanza Martínez, Ecuador

Hydraulic Fracking Shannon Biggs, United States; Martin Vilela, Bolivia

Chevron/Texaco Oil Devastation Pablo Fajardo, Julio Prieto, Ecuador;

Yasuní-ITT Oil Development Elena Galvez, Yasunidos, Ecuador

Great Barrier Reef Michelle Maloney, Australia

4 River Basins, Corrientes Peru Jose Fachin, Sarah Kerremans, Peru​​

Belo Monte Dam Leila Salazar-López, Sônia Guájajara, Brasil

Bagua Defenders of Earth Ismael Vega, Zebelio Kapap, Perú

Conga-Cajamarca Mine Milton Sanchez, Marco Arana, Máxima Chaupe, Perú

Forests and REDD+ Ivonne Yanez, Casandra Smithie,

Condor Mine Open Pit Copper Domingo Ankuash, Ecuador

Indigenous rights activist Casey Camp-Horinek (Ponca from Oklahoma, USA) and Patricia Gualinga, an indigenous of the Amazon and director of Sarayaku, will provide expert witness testimony on the critical importance of Rights of Nature.

“What will happen if the temperature increases more than 2 °C? “A third of the population of animals and more than half of the plants on Earth could disappear.” Listing violations to the Rights of Mother Earth related to climate change, Pablo Solon went on to add, “We need a new system of harmony between human beings and Mother Earth that replaces the capitalist system of infinite growth for the accumulation of capital.”

The International Tribunal will be held at the Gran Hotel Bolivar on Plaza San Martín, Jirón de La Unión 958, in the historic district of Lima. The Public is invited to attend free of charge. The Tribunal begins at 8:30am and concludes at 19:00 on Friday December 5 and Saturday December 6, 2014. Six cases will be heard with closing responses from the Tribunal judges each day.

The Global Alliance for Rights of Nature was founded at a gathering in Ecuador in 2010, two years after Ecuador became the first nation in the world to adopt Rights of Nature in its Constitution and Bolivia passed its Law of the Rights of Mother Earth. Across the United States dozens of communities have adopted local rights of nature laws within the framework of a Community Bill of Rights in recent years.
The Rights of Nature movement draws on the wisdom and cosmovision of indigenous peoples in positing a new jurisprudence that recognizes the right of nature in all its forms to exist, persist, evolve and regenerate.
More information available at
In Spanish at

WECAN International at the UNFCCC COP20 2014

Women's Earth & Climate Action Network

For a printable flyer click: WECAN Lima Flyer #1

Women Leading Solutions on the Frontlines of Climate Change-Lima 

A convening of women leaders joined in solidarity to speak out against environmentally and socially destructive activities and policies, and to present the diverse array of visions and strategies with which they are working to chart another course. Panels and strategy circles will focus on extractive industries and mega-dams, forest protection and territory rights, renewable energy alternatives, new economic frameworks, rights of nature, systemic change, and how relationships between women of the Global South & North are furthering the climate justice movement. The Women’s Climate Action Agenda will be explored as a tool for implementing solutions.

Free & open to the public.

More information on related events at WECAN International at the UNFCCC COP20 2014 Para información en español, haga clic aquí.

WECAN International formal UN side event at the UNFCCC COP20

Women's Earth & Climate Action NetworkEvent in collaboration with allies at Amazon Watch and TakingItGlobal. WECAN will present the Women’s Climate Action Agenda as a blueprint for our path forward and showcase examples of youth and women as agents of local and global change. Particular focus will be on Indigenous women on the frontlines of climate change and solutions building. December 9, 2014. 16:45-18:15. Caral Room.




WECAN Agenda

International Rights of Nature Ethics Tribunal – Lima

The Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature will adjudicate various cases linked to COP20 proceedings, including threats to the Great Barrier Reef and oil and mineral extraction in South America. The Tribunal is a model and potent tool to help communities working to defend the Earth and their health and heritage. WECAN is on the Global Alliance Steering Committee and will be participating in the Tribunal. For more information and registration, visit

December 5-6, 2014.

Gran Hotel Bolivar, Jiron de la Union 958.

Free & open to the public. 

Advocacy work inside the UNFCCC COP20

In partnership with the Global Gender and Climate Alliance (GGCA) and the Women and Gender Constituency.  December 1-12, 2014.

The Women’s Earth & Climate Action Network (formerly IWECI) is a solutions-based, multi-faceted effort established to engage women worldwide to take action as powerful stakeholders in climate change and sustainability solutions. For Our Earth and Future Generations

Join us in Lima at the International Rights of Nature Tribunal

International Rights of Nature Tribunal

Around the world, people are realizing that our laws fail to respect nature’s rights to exist, thrive and evolve. Treating nature as merely property is harming both people and the environment. Parallel to the UN Climate Change Convention, the Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature will host its second International Rights of Nature Tribunal.

The Tribunal will review a diverse selection of cases aligned with UN FCCC COP20 priorities within a Rights of Nature context. The various cases will address the impacts of Climate Change, destructive oil and mineral extraction in Peru and South America, threats to the Great Barrier Reef, hydraulic fracking, and protection of Defenders of the Earth such as the Bagua massacre that is on trial this year in Peru. A distinguished cross-cultural panel of judges from around the world will hear the cases presented by a diverse collection of experts and victims. The rulings of the Tribunal will focus on violations to the Rights of Nature based on the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth and where appropriate, the Ecuadorian Constitution.

The two day Tribunal will be held Friday 5 – Saturday 6 December at Gran Hotel Bolivar in the historic district of Lima and a few minutes walk to the Alternative Peoples Conference near Parque de la Exposición in central Lima.

For more information, visit International Rights of Nature Tribunal – Lima at

Click for a print quality poster