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Latin American and Caribbean Countries sign Quito Declaration including Rights of Nature

QUITO DECLARATION: The Quito Declaration recognizes the need to develop a regional proposal to strengthen the governance and institutional framework of the FME, and also for strengthening the Meeting of CELAC Environment Ministers. It states, inter alia, that the results achieved by FME18 and the First Meeting of CELAC Environment Ministers should serve to create a regional vision and strengthen its unity, with a view to constituting one of the central bases and platforms for Rio+20 negotiations.

The Declaration emphasizes the rights of people and States to development, and calls for appropriate regional financial mechanisms and structures to be strengthened and/or created to guarantee the provision of resources to help LAC countries implement sustainable development activities.

The Declaration urges developed countries to:

  • comply with the commitment to provide 0.7% of GDP to ODA;
  • increase their commitments to finance LAC countries for climate change mitigation and adaptation with new, additional, sufficient and unconditional funds, in line with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities;
  • comply with their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol, and define and comply with more ambitious goals for reduction of greenhouse gases, with clear commitment periods and enforcement mechanisms; and
  • comply and increase their commitments favoring LAC countries for adaptation, capacity building and technology transfer.

The Declaration calls, among other things, for Rio+20 to:

  • define a process for formulating SDGs;
  • consider a universal declaration of the rights of nature as an instrument for good living;
  • agree on a renewed vision and commitment to sustainable development for poverty eradication, and promote social inclusion and equity;
  • consider, in the context of food security and agricultural development, the excessive volatility of food prices and market speculation in basic products as an emerging issue that threatens the achievement of poverty eradication goals in developing countries; and
  • orient efforts toward constructing a more just, equitable and inclusive new international economic order.

It recognizes the importance of implementing Rio Principle 10, and adopting a common position on creating mechanisms for technology transfer and capacity building that enable a greater diffusion of those technologies adaptable to national realities.

With regard to a future IFSD, the Declaration states that the roles and mandates of UN bodies should be reviewed to make them efficient and act in a coherent, coordinated and cooperative manner. It calls for the environmental pillar of sustainable development to be strengthened through an institutional framework that guarantees universal membership, and sufficient technical, scientific and financial capacity.

The Declaration calls for continued strengthening and enriching of ILAC’s work on sustainable development indicators, as a complement to SDGs.