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Archive for Rights of Nature laws

PR: India Court Declares Personhood for Ganga and Yumana Rivers

CELDF working in India to Recognize Rights of the Ganga River Basin

Contact:
Mari Margil
mmargil@celdf.org

MERCERSBURG, PA, USA: On March 20, the High Court of Uttarakhand at Naintal, in the State of Uttarakhand in northern India, issued a ruling declaring that the River Ganga and River Yumana are “legal persons/living persons.”  This comes after numerous rulings by the court which found that while the rivers are “central to the existence to half of Indian population and their health and well being,” they are severely polluted, with their very existence in question.

The court declared that throughout India’s history, it has been necessary to declare that certain “entities, living inanimate, objects or things” to be declared a “juristic person.”  In the case of the Ganga and Yumana, the court explained the time has come to recognize them as legal persons “in order to preserve and conserve” the rivers.

The movement to recognize certain legal rights of nature and particular ecosystems is growing.  Beginning in 2006, the Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund (CELDF) assisted the community of Tamaqua Borough, in the State of Pennsylvania in the United States, to draft and pass the very first rights of nature law in the world.  CELDF has since assisted more than three dozen communities across the U.S., as well as the first country in the world – Ecuador – to secure the rights of nature to exist and flourish.

As efforts to advance legal rights of nature continue, CELDF has been partnering with India-based NGOs to recognize fundamental rights of the Ganga River and the entire river basin.

With the Global WASH Alliance-India and Ganga Action Parivar, CELDF drafted the proposed National Ganga River Rights Act.  The Act would recognize fundamental rights of the Ganga to exist, flourish, evolve, and be restored, and the people of India to a healthy, thriving river ecosystem.  The legislation is now under consideration by India Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government, which in recent months established a committee within the Modi administration to review the Act.

In calling for significant legal change, in a February 2016 ruling – a precursor to this week’s ruling – the court stated, “The legislation, till now, has not helped to save Ganga.  We need a comprehensive legislation at the national level dealing with the Ganga alone.”

With regard to the court’s ruling this week, Mari Margil, CELDF’s Associate Director and head of the organization’s International Center for the Rights of Nature, explained, “Recognition of personhood rights are an important step forward toward the recognition of the full rights of the rivers to be healthy, natural ecosystems.”

“Such rights would include the rights of the rivers to pure water, to flow, to provide habitat for river species, and other rights essential to the health and well-being of these ecosystems,” Margil explained.  In local laws in the U.S., as well as in the Ecuador Constitution, rights of nature laws secure rights that are necessary to the ability of ecosystems to be healthy and thrive.  These laws transform ecosystems from being considered resources available for human use, to living entities with inherent rights.

These laws have been passed as there is a growing recognition around the world that environmental laws premised on regulating the use of nature, are unable to protect nature.  Margil stated, “The collapse of ecosystems and species, as well as the acceleration of climate change, are clear indications that a fundamental change in the relationship between humankind and the natural world is necessary.”

In a February 2016 ruling, the Uttarakhand court wrote, “All the rivers have the basic right to maintain their purity and to maintain free and natural flow.”  Whether the court includes these rights within the scope of its recent “personhood” declaration is not clear, or whether courts will expand on the rights recognized this week remains to be seen, Margil explained.

The High Court of Uttarakhand’s ruling comes after the finalization of a settlement agreement between the Maori people and the government of New Zealand regarding the Whanganui River.  In that settlement, finalized through a vote of the Parliament, the river is recognized as having personhood rights.  CELDF believes that the movement in New Zealand and India to recognize certain rights of ecosystems are important in the growing movement to move away from legal systems which treat nature as property under the law, to laws which recognize inherent rights of nature.

Today, CELDF is partnering with communities and organizations across the United States, as well as in Nepal, India, Australia, Sweden, and other countries to advance rights of nature legal frameworks.

About the Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund (CELDF) & the International Center for the Rights of Nature

The Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund’s mission is to build sustainable communities by assisting people to assert their right to local self-government and the rights of nature.  CELDF’s International Center for the Rights of Nature is partnering with communities and organizations in countries around the world to advance the rights of nature.

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Rosia Montana Marathon, 23rd-24th of July 2016

Saturday, 23rd July 2016, early in the morning, at 7:30 AM, in front of the Heroes Monument in Rosia Montana, with tulnic’s sound, we started the Pachamama Marathon together with Constantina Dita, our Olympic champion, who also participated at 10 KM Race. We were very honored to have Ms Dita supporting our Rosia Montana project, supporting this Marathon, a Marathon which was dedicated to the  love of nature, history and culture.

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RightsofNature-Romanian-2016The motto of our Marathon was “Din dragoste pentru România, istoria și cultura ei, Spuneți DA Drepturilor Naturii, pentru că natura este o Ființă Vie!” („Out of love for Romania, its history and culture, Say YES to the Rights of Nature because Nature is a Living Being!”), Rights of Nature being a project developed by Pachamama Romania in which we want to defend Nature’s rights in front of the injustice we experience in the present.

We organized this Marathon for the first time on 17th August 2013, and it was dedicated to fallen heroes in First and Second World War and  to the love and responsibility we have for our future generations. We do this thing in the first place by promoting a message of harmony between man and nature. We want to create sustainable communities, where people will grow in harmony with themselves and with nature.

The day of 17th August , first time when we held the Marathon, had another important signification: it is the day when Constantina Dita won the gold medal at summer Olympic Games in Beijing in 2008, at the marathon , a unique day in Romanian athletics history.

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The event organized at Rosia Montana this year had 3 trials: Marathon- dedicated to experienced runners, with a distance of 42,81 km; Half-marathon – dedicated to runners who had a limited experience in running, with a distance of 24,52 km and 10 KM Race- dedicated to runners who prefer short-distance races/ beginners. In addition to, we also had a Children Race through which we tried to encourage more and more children to adopt a healthy lifestyle and a love for nature.

The IVth edition of Pachamama Marathon at Rosia Montana was a wonderful one, because of the number of participants and their friends (350 people), because of our special guest, Ms Constantina Dita, children from the Traditional Assembly from Bucium and because of all little runners who participated in Children Race, folk singer Magda Puskas, camp fire at Eugen David home, all of these creating a loving atmosphere, full of happiness, smiles, detachment and other beautiful emotions.

We lived a feeling of accomplishment seeing people who were satisfied because of what we offered them and because of the warm welcoming from the rosieni.

The road to the moment of 23rd July, at 7:30 AM, when we officially started the Marathon it was a long one. Many hours of work and many people who dedicated their time and resources for this event to be possible.

We want to thank to all of them for their dedication and involvement, all of them contributed to the realization of Pachamama Marathon! Many thanks to the entire Pachamama Romania team and to all the volunteers who joined us at Rosia Montana.

We want to thank to all local (Rosia Montana Police and Rosia Montana Hall) and county authorities (Consiliul Județean Alba, Poliția Alba and Direcția Județeană pentru Tineret și Sport Alba)which had trusted and offered us the necessary approvals, supporting us.

A great amount of thanks goes to all our sponsors– AQUA Carpatica, SanoVita, Therme, Canah, Apis Carpatica, Sponser, Bio Naturalia – for offering their products and services.RosaMontana-sponsors-2016

 

We also want to thank to our Olympic champion, Ms Constantina Dita, for her presence at Rosia Montana. We are very happy that you could come from USA for starting and participating at our Marathon. It was a dream came true. We want too thank to our friends from Bucharest and Oradea who assisted you, they were great and offered us very much energy.

We thank you, all participants who came to Rosia Montana for Pachamama Marathon, even if you were a runner or you just came together with your family.

This year’s Marathon had at its Start a family of champions, Teodorescu family. All their members, Lacramioara, Adrian and their child, Alex, won the trials in which they participated, Half-marathon for the parents and Children Race for Alex. By means of this article we want to thank you as well, for deciding to came at Rosia Montana and being part of our dream. It was a pleasure to have you at this competition.

RosaMontanaYouth-july2016Besides young athlets of 17-18 years old, we had veteran participants as well. Mr Ion Zaharia (77 years old) and Ms Lucia Radu (84 years old). Ms Lucia, participating for the first time at our Marathon, said she was very excited about the event and our medal will be her 103rd. We want to thank them for their presence and their example. Through this combination of old generation with new generation at the Marathon’s start, we want to transmit a feeling of gratitude for our parents and grandparents and of responsibility we have for our future generations.

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music-2016-RomaniaWe were so delighted to saw that people choose to spent their birthday running at Rosia Montana. 3 of the participants were celebrated Saturday and Sunday (23rd and 24th July) and by means of this article we want to say a warming “Happy Birthday!” to Roxana Corneanu, Birtalan Csanad and Stefan Salagean, the winner of the marathon.

In the evening, we enjoyed an artistic moment which melded together folk music with traditional Apuseni Mountains dances. In the beginning of the evening we were enchanted by a beautiful voice of a young girl from the Bucium community, area neighbouring Rosia Montana. Artistic program of the children continued with traditional Apuseni games and, after that, a 10-years old boy impressed us with his talent, performing many songs at taragot and saxophone, two pretentious and hard-to-play instruments for his age.

We want to thank them for their energy and their happines which enlighten our evenings.

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What was next, was a total show, Magda Puskas along with her guitar colleague managed to keep all the people dancing, singing and creating big hora (specific Romanian dance where people keep their hands together and dance in sync) which covered the whole space of the cultural house.

Thank you, Magda, for your beautiful songs and for the atmosphere you created!

The evening continued with a camp fire at Eugen David’s home, president of Alburnus Maior Association. We were approx. 150 people who were talking about what we have lived along the day. But, Ana Daraban, our Pachamama colleague, made us a surprise and came together with Magda and her colleague. The rest of the night was all about singing and feeling good together.

campfire-Rosa-Montana-2016That was the ending of the first day of the event, a day in which participants ran together with Constantina Dita, admired natural beauties, ate delicious food at Pasta Party (cooked by David Vlascau together with his assistants), sang and danced at the artistic moment and told their stories in the evening, at the camp fire.

The second day of the event, Sunday, a big part of our participants (approx. 100) went to visit 2000 years old Romans Galleries.

After this visit, we had a tour at the most beautiful natural monuments in Rosia Montana, together with Calin Capros, vice-president at Alburnus Maior Association, a local man who knows very well this area and its history.

In that group was, Stefan Salagean as well, the winner of the Marathon. For them it was the most special day in the year because it was his birthday. We sang “Happy Birthday” to him near Raven’s Stone, maybe the most beautiful natural monument of Rosia Montana. He will remember that day as a special moment in his life, along with us.

RosaMontana2-2016And, in this way, we ended the IVth edition of Pachamama Marathon at Rosia Montana, an event through which we want to offer to our participants a run in a wonderful natural frame of Rosia Montana, to have the occasion to reconnect with themselves and with nature.

RosaMontana-medalsThrough their feedback, we understand that we achieved our goals. People were very excited about the beauty of landscapes they encountered on their route, many of them stopping for contemplating what was before their eyes and to feel the energy of the place.

The most emotional moment was to see the Rosia Montana Scouts welcoming the participants at the finish line. Alessia, Luisa and other kids were very attentive to welcome properly every runner at the finish line and they were truly happy and excited when they put medals at runners’ necks.

We think that the involvement of the children in this kind of events represents one of the most succesful ways in which we can teach them right values, in which we believe. As one indigenous proverb says:

“A responsible man is that person who plans for the future 7 generations.”

What we want is that the people who come here to get involved, to listen to their soul and to put together a foundation in order to reconstruct Rosia Montana.

We want to create a stronger atmosphere, full of joy and hapiness, so, despite running in the nature, we thought about organizing artistic programs as well, in this edition being present musical and traditional dancing moments.

Also, we want to learn more and more about our history, as a nation. For this reason we organized the Roman galleries and natural monuments tour with Calin Capros, vice-president of Alburnus Maior Association, who told us about places’ history.

Our dream is to create communities which will spin around a noble goal- a sustainable, just and fulfilling world.  To realize that we do not leave in a separate way, but we are interconnected. Without what is around us, we wouldn’t exist.

The rain in the midtime of Children Race it was like a purifying energy.

We need to let go of our past problems and  feel our divine essence, to be joyful that we are together and we can make something good for those around us.

runners-RosaMontana-2016We believe that our biggest treasure is the fact that we are alive. Let’s be happy about this and  let’s ourselves to be carried in this mystery that is life.

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In the ending, I will let you with 2 beautiful posts written after the event by Gabriel Bucerzan and Lacramioara Teodorescu, 2 sensitive and lovely persons, but in the same time, ambition and strong persons, who ran at the half-marathon trial at Rosia Montana: “Aseară trecui pe pante, pe la poarta dumitale / Să văd chip frumos, drag și luminos / Aseară trecui pe pante, pe la poarta ta cea mare / Te zăresc pe pajiște și pe lângă miriște / Au inima mea, ce frumoasă-i dragostea / Căci eu cât trăiesc, n-o să fug de ea / / Au inima mea, ce frumoasă-i dragostea / Căci eu cât trăiesc, n-o să fug de ea / – / Frumoasă-i Rosia Montană, când te plimbi cu o munțomană, peste munți se-ntinde ceața, chiar de dimineața / E distracție pe seară / Aer proaspăt, foc de tabără / Cântece vesele și zeci de zâmbete / Au inima mea, la bucla 2 este viață / Am servit compot și suc, alune și dulceață / Am servit compot și suc, alune și dulceață!”

(“Yesterday night I passed on the slopes, at your gate/ To see a beautiful face, beloved and bright/ Yesterday I passed on the slopes, at your big gate/ I see you on the meadow, near the stubble/ Oh, my heart, what a beautiful feeling is love!/ While living, I will not run away from it/Oh, my heart, what a beautiful feeling is love/ While living, I will not run away from it/-/ What a wonderful place is Rosia Montana, when you walk with a mountain-girl, fog stretches above mountains, starting from the morning/It is fun in the evening/ Fresh air, fire camp/ Joyful songs and many smiles/ Oh, my heart, at 2nd bubble it is real life/ I had compote and juice, peanuts and jam/ I had compote and juice, peanuts and jam!”) Gabriel Bucerzan

“Am trăit o poveste frumoasă la Roșia Montană. Locuri născute demult în jurul unui vulcan bogat care a revărsat strălucire și bogăție, ispite și neguri, filoane și fire, găuri și cratere, confuzie și o liniște prea tulbure pentru ultimii moți rămași să păzească stâncile cu clonț de corb și tăurile cu pești portocalii. Maratonul Pachamama Roșia Montană 2016 a spus tuturor participanților povestea locului, în sunet de bucium, în bătuta feciorilor, cu glasul de mierlă tânără a Magdei Puskas, cu bucuria blondă a lui Tică Darie, cu Ochiul lui Radu Cristi și inima organizatorilor și voluntarilor. Alergătorii au călătorit înapoi în timp, pe cursul apelor roșii, cu un ochi la traseu și altul la bogățiile fără de strălucire pe care Alexandra Postelnicu le-a scris pe medalii și pe sufletul nostru… iubire, bucurie, compasiune, recunoștință, fericire, iertare, pace, echilibru, prietenie, renaștere.”

(“I lived a beautiful story at Rosia Montana. Places born in the past around a vulcano which showered glamor and wealth, temptantios and darkness, holes and craters, confusion and an unstable peace for the last Moti,last guardins of the stones with raven beak and tauri with orange fishes. Pachamama Marathon at Rosia Montana 2016 spoke to every participants the story of the area, with alpenhorn sound, in lads’ dances, with a young blackbird voice of Magda Puskas, with blonde happiness of Tica Darie, with Radu Cristi’s Eye and organizers’ and volunteers’ heart. Runners walked back in time, on red water course, with an eye on the route and the other at the unsparkling treasures which Alexandra Postelnicu wrote on our medals and on our soul…love, joy, compassion, gratitude, happiness, forgivness, peace, equilibrium, friendship, rebirth.”) Lăcrămioara Teodorescu, The winner of the Halfmarathon (in centre)

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By Alexandra Postelnicu, Pachamama Romania

 

Enshrining Rights of Nature in Law by Mumta Ito, TEDx Findhorn

Speaking at TEDxFindhorn, Mumta Ito advocates enshrining Rights of Nature in law in order for humans to protect the environment that we all need for our very existence.

In her passionate talk, Mumta points out that although Humans have the Right to Life, Nature –  which provides all the materials for our lives – has no such Rights.

 

Earth-Centered Law and Regulation for Safeguarding Nature – IUCN World Conservation Congress

IUCN-RoN-Declaration-sponsors

Join Us for a Workshop on

“Earth-Centered Law and Regulation for Safeguarding Nature.”

September 4th, 8:30-10:30 a.m., Room 318A, Hawaii Convention Center, Session 10223

Introductory Remarks by Justice Antonio H. Benjamin, Chair, IUCN World Commission on Environmental Law

Why Should You Attend?

IUCN-Earth-Center-Law-workshop-vertical1) In 2012 the IUCN adopted Resolution 100, “Incorporation of the Rights of Nature as the organizational focal point in IUCN’s decision making.” This Resolution calls nature’s rights to become a “fundamental and absolute key element for planning, action and assessment” for the IUCN.

2) Resolution 100 further urges the IUCN to promote a Universal Declaration of the Rights of Nature.

3) Now is the time to act on this IUCN Resolution and shift our laws and actions from an anthropocentric to an Earth-centered worldview and ethic.

4) Laws derived from the Earth that recognize and protect nature’s rights can help reverse the damage to the natural world, as well as prevent further damage. Such laws also support human rights and indigenous peoples’ rights, as detailed in Earth Law Center’s report, Fighting for Our Shared Future: http://bit.ly/ELCCoVR

5) Over 845,000 people worldwide already support the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth. Attend this Workshop to learn more about how you can take part in the fast-growing rights of nature movement!

Speakers: Linda Sheehan, Earth Law Center, USA (Rights of Nature); Sostine Namanya, NAPE, Uganda (Earth Jurisprudence); Betsan Martin, Int’l Alliance of Responsible and Sustainable Societies, New Zealand; (Responsibilities to Nature) Florence Clap, IUCN France (Ecological Reparations)

For more information, contact Linda Sheehan, lsheehan@earthlaw.org, or visit https://portals.iucn.org/congress/session/10223

Click for a printable  IUCN Earth-Centered Law and Regulation for Safeguarding Nature workshop flier.

Learn more about the proposed IUCN Universal Declaration for the Rights of Nature

To sign the Intervention urging the IUCN to implement Rights of Nature, and adopt a Universal Declaration of the Rights of Nature, please send your organization’s name and logo to mbender@earthlaw.org.

Related events of interest:
Workshop 10217, Protection of Sacred Natural Sites, Sept. 4, 11am-1pm
Workshop 10283, Ecologically Informed Global Ethics and Env’l Law, Sept. 2, 5-7pm
Workshop 10300, Environmental Rule of Law, Sept. 3, 2:30-4:30pm

WE ARE ALL RELATED: Working together to fight fossil fuels

Pennie Opal Plant, LUSH Blog, May 2016
Author Pennie Opal Plant -Yaqui, Mexican, English, Choctaw, Cherokee and European leader and Ponca elder and tribal councilwoman, Casey Camp Horinek

Author Pennie Opal Plant is of Yaqui, Mexican, English, Choctaw, Cherokee and European ancestry. She’s been an activist for over 30 years on anti-nuclear, environmental and indigenous rights, and has been a lecturer with the Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund. Pennie is also a founding member of Idle No More San Francisco Bay, is involved in promoting the Universal Declaration on the Rights of Mother Earth, and founded Gathering Tribes in 1991.

As I write this, I’ve just returned from seeing my niece’s newborn baby girl. As I gazed into her eyes, I said a silent prayer hoping we can find a way to shift the systems of government and business that have allowed the sacred system of life to become so out of balance that everything is now threatened. I also prayed that when she’s an adult that she’d live in a world that’s healthy, sustainable, vibrantly beautiful…and in balance.

“We are all related.” No doubt you’ve heard this phrase before, especially if you have friends who are Indigenous to North America. It has many meanings to many people, but ultimately it means that all of life on Mother Earth’s belly is related or connected. After more than 500 years of Indigenous People of the Americas sharing this information, it’s finally been proven. It’s past time for the western world to listen to the Indigenous People who are traditional and doing their best to live within the Original Instructions, guidelines given to people at the beginning of time, which dictate how to live in balance with our relations and the intelligent forces of nature. It would be a shame for humans to continue to violate these instructions to such an extent that life, as we know it can no longer be supported.

For the complete article visit: WE ARE ALL RELATED: Working together to fight fossil fuels at LUSH Blog.

Pennie is also co-founder of Movement Rights:
Shifting culture and law to truly protect people is the civil rights struggle of our time and its already happening in communities across the nation. Changing the rules will require more than tinkering at the margins of the current legal, political and corporate-led economic system; it will require a system change from the grassroots. It all begins with neighbors coming together to change their community. Movement Rights provides organizing and legal support for communities to assert their right to local self governance with our partners; leadership and international movement building for the rights of nature; and connects Indigenous leadership, wisdom and analysis toward living in balance with natural systems.  

Earth Law Updates – May 11, 2016

From Tom Brenan, Gaia Foundation

Here’s the latest Earth law update:

  • The fifteenth session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues is currently taking place in New York, from 9th to 20th In its ‘Proud to be Indigenous’ weeks, Cultural Survival is aiming to create a storm of online activity to enable the voices of those who are unable to attend the meeting in New York to be heard.
  • The Land Rights Now alliance, a global initiative to secure indigenous and community land rights, was launched in March and already has more than 400 organisations and communities participating. Currently it is estimated that only 10% of lands held collectively are formally recognised as owned or managed by indigenous peoples and local communities. The initiative aims to double this area of land by 2020.
  • Grant Township in Pennsylvania, USA, has passed a law legalising direct action to prevent the fracking wastewater injection wells within the township. The law permits non-violent direct action to enforce the provisions of the Grant Township Community Bill of Rights Ordinance which established rights to clean air and water, the right to local community self-government and the rights of Nature. The proposed well would be a violation of those rights.
  • The Australian Earth Laws Alliance will be holding an evening seminar with a facilitated discussion ‘Exploring Earth Laws, Earth Democracy and the Rights of Nature’ on 20th This is aimed at deepening understanding and enabling support for individual and collective activity.

 

Earth law update – April 14, 2016

From Tom Brenan, Gaia Foundation

Here are some recent Earth law developments:

  • The Women’s Earth and Climate Action Network (WECAN) are to hold a two-hour webinar on ‘Rights of Nature: Protecting and Defending the Places We Live’ on 27th The training will explore the concept and use of Rights of Nature as a means of ushering in a legal, social, political and economic framework based on the laws of the Earth.
  • The Earth Law Center and partners in the Bay Area Rights of Nature Alliance will be holding a Rights of Nature Tribunal in Antioch, California on 30th The Tribunal will be modelled on the successful International Tribunal for the Rights of Nature held in Paris in December 2015 during COP21 and will address violations of the San Francisco Bay Delta Area’s right to exist, thrive and evolve in light of diversions of the necessary flows from the Delta. It will also consider violations of the rights of Delta communities to self-governance for healthy water solutions.
  • The Australian Earth Laws Alliance will be holding a Rights of Nature Tribunal in Brisbane on 22nd October, following its two-day conference. The Tribunal will hear cases concerning the destruction of ecosystems and the wider Earth community in Australia and will make recommendations for law reform and restorative action.
  • Not really Earth law as such, but interesting nonetheless – the Royal Canadian Mint has issued a new Mother Earth and Water coin highlighting that we are all dependent on Mother Earth and the water she provides.

Earth law update – March 24, 2016

From Tom Brenan, Gaia Foundation

Here are some recent Earth law developments:

  • The Australian Earth Laws Alliance (AELA) has issued a call for papers in preparation for its conference on 20th and 21st October 2016, ‘The future of Australian environmental law: politics, reform and community activism’. Individual papers and panels are welcome on a wide range of themes exploring future environmental law and governance in Australia. The closing date for submission of abstracts to AELA is 1st June 2016.
  • Residents in Barrington, New Hampshire, USA, have voted to adopt a Community Bill of Rights which asserts their right to clean air and water and local community self-government. The ordinance bans corporate gravel extraction and water withdrawal. It also recognizes the Rights of Nature, such that “ecosystems possess rights to exist, flourish, and naturally evolve” and “residents of the town shall possess legal standing to enforce those rights on behalf of those ecosystems.” The Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund has been working with residents to advance community rights since 2006.
  • In the wake of COP21 in Paris, Vanda Shiva has suggested a Pact for the Earth as a manifesto for sustainability. The pledge starts with seeing and cherishing the soil as a living entity whose survival is essential to our own and goes on to recognise that we are all members of the Earth community, in which all species, peoples and cultures have intrinsic worth and rights to sustenance.
  • Back in November 2014, the Indigenous Peoples’ and Community Conserved Territories and Areas (ICCA) Consortium co-organised a main Stream of events at the World Parks Congress in Sydney (Australia).  This was the Stream on Enhancing Diversity, Quality and Vitality of Governance which took years to prepare and drew together the experience, knowledge, energy, engagement and creativity of several hundred people.  Three 20 minute films are now available which are designed to take viewers on a journey of exploration of “the complex, sensitive and sometimes confusing and disturbing phenomenon called ‘governance of protected and conserved areas’”.